Ocular diseases affect the function and health of your eyes. They can affect individuals of all ages, but are particularly common in older adults. Annual eye exams can help to identify diseases of the eye so the proper treatment can be administered. As with most medical conditions, early detection is the key to better treatment outcomes. Ocular disease management at Beatty Eyes Optometry will vary depending on the type and severity of the disease. Treatment for ocular diseases can include: oral medications, ointments, drops, glasses or contacts, lifestyle modifications, increased eye hygiene, and/or surgery.
Some common ocular diseases include:
Characterized by inflammation in the eyelids and eyelashes. It is generally caused by poor eyelid hygiene, bacterial infection, allergic reaction, or problems with the oil gland.
Occurs when the internal lens becomes clouded. Cataracts can affect one part of the lens or the entire lens, and cause blurred vision. Treatment for cataracts involves removing the lenses and replacing them with man-made lenses.
Dry Eye Syndrome (Ocular Surface Disorder)
Occurs when the quality or quantity of tears decreases. This negatively affects the eye’s ability to cleanse, moisten, and protect itself.
Diabetic Eye Disease
Individuals who have been diagnosed with type 1 or 2 diabetes are at an increased risk of developing diabetic eye disease such as diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, and glaucoma.
Occurs when the intraocular pressure on the eyes increases and damages the optic nerve. Glaucoma is known as the “silent thief of sight” since there are no symptoms. While there is no cure of glaucoma, there are treatments that may be able to prevent further vision loss.
Occurs when the macula on the center of the retina begins to deteriorate, causing vision to become less sharp and decreasingly clear.
For a complete list of ocular diseases, please see the American Academy of Ophthalmology A-Z list.